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Christ the King |… and the threat to Western Civilisation

Hans_Memling_-_Christ_Surrounded_by_Musician_Angels_-Christ the King

Christ surrounded by Musician Angels, Hans Memling (c.1480), Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp, Belgium.

Let’s not be surprised that God has allowed the recent murderous atrocities in Paris, Lebanon and Mali to occur just before the Solemnity of Christ the King.  In an article in The Australian called Western Civilisation is under threat, but not just from terrorism, Greg Sheridan writes with great insight.

The interaction of the terror threat with traditional geo-strategic issues makes both much more difficult for the West to ­manage. At the same time, the West is undergoing a genuine civilisational crisis of belief and of governance. This is the first generation in Western history that, substantially, is not sustained by any transcendent beliefs. The death of God is also in the West the death of purpose and, for many, the death of meaning.

Can a civilisation really sustain itself on the basis of an ideology of self-realisation and entitlement liberalism? If so, it will be the first time in history. Not only that, even if the model was internally sustainable, can it really produce a society vigorous enough to defend itself against these multiplying ­security challenges.

George Orwell once remarked that the English sleep easy in their beds at night because rough men stand ready to do rough things on their behalf. Every soldier, every police officer, is ultimately prepared to sacrifice their life for an idea, a set of principles, a set of values, that they believe transcends their own experience and even their own mortality.

Western society is moving ever further away from the idea that anything beyond the individual can demand such sacrifice. The internal liberalism has never been more oppressive, while the ability to stand seriously against enemies is very much in question.

Straws in the wind even in Australia demonstrate grotesque elements to our civilisation. The Catholic Archbishop of Hobart is to be hauled before a thought police tribunal for the crime of propounding traditional Catholic sexual morality. Meanwhile, we rejoice in televised cage fights between women, which even our parents, much less our grandparents, would have regarded as the essence of barbarism.

At the same time demonstrators can march through the streets calling death to Israel, or even denouncing the evil of the Jews, without attracting legal penalty.

If a society has lost strong beliefs, can it really excite the transcendent loyalty of its own citizens, or of people who join it through migration?

At the same time there is well-documented crisis of governance across the Western world. No Western nation can balance its expenditures with its revenues. All are caught up in an entitlements ­crisis. Health and welfare spending are ballooning, so are unsustainable deficits. The prestige of democracy is under severe attack. For most of the Cold War, millions of people in the Third World, and in communist societies, yearned to live in nations governed as well as those of the West. It is a hard argument to make to a young banker or IT worker in Shanghai now that they would be better off if their government had the resolve and technical skill of Greece or Spain.

Put this all together and it’s not quite yet a full-blown crisis of a civilisation. But there’s a great deal of trouble ahead.

Though Australia is not technically in the West, we have inherited the values of Western Civilisation, which have largely been formed by Christian institutions and ethics.  (If you want to read more on that, go here.)  But what happens when the formerly Christian west turns away from God and towards atheism, agnosticism and the ideology of self-realisation and self-indulgence?  Well, God is a loving Father, and what loving Father fails to correct his child when his child is headed on a self-destructive path?  We see this constantly in the narratives of the Old Testament, where God allows the Israelites to be captured by the Babylonians and the Assyrians in order that they might eventually repent and return to Him.

But they became disobedient and rebelled against You, and cast Your law behind their backs and killed Your prophets who had admonished them so that they might return to You, and they committed great blasphemies.”  Therefore You delivered them into the hand of their oppressors who oppressed them.  (Nehemiah 9:26-27)

The West has a choice in front of it at the moment and the choice is this. Do you want to continue in your unfaithfulness to God, or do you want to turn back to Christ and acknowledge him as the King of the Universe?  And what a beautiful king he is!  If only our worldly leaders were like this!

How can we describe the Kingship of Jesus?

  • He is Love itself: “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son.” (John 3:16-17)
  • He is Humility “who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.” (Phillipians 2:6-7)
  • He is Justice: “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.” (2 Corinthians 5:10).

I could go on, but if you want to know him better, read the Gospels.

It’s not even as if following Jesus is too hard to do.  Is praying for a few minutes a day and worshipping God in community with the Church for an hour a week too hard?  Let us pray with love and compassion for our brothers and sisters all over the world who have turned away from Christ, that they may realise before it’s too late whom they are rejecting, and turn back to the true King of the Universe.

Today’s readings:

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32nd Sunday in Ordinary Time | God wants … what!?

Elijah and the Widow of Zarephath, Bernardo Strozzi, 1630, oil on canvas, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria

Elijah and the Widow of Zarephath, Bernardo Strozzi, 1630, oil on canvas, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria

In today’s stories of Elijah and the widow of Zarephath (first reading) and the poor widow in the Gospel, God challenges us to think outside the square.

Here is a poor widow sitting down to her last meal, and not only does God’s prophet Elijah ask her to share it, but he asks her to make a scone for him first, and only afterwards to make one for herself and her son.  One’s first reaction is to wonder if he cares about her plight at all!  How arrogant this seems to our ears today!  At the same time Elijah promises that her meal and oil will not run out.  Well, a prophet is known by whether his prophecies are fulfilled, and we are told that they are.

The jar of meal was not spent nor the jug of oil emptied, just as the Lord had foretold through Elijah.

So what is God’s point here?  What we have to understand is that it is our job to keep giving.  This might not necessarily be in monetary terms – it could also be in one’s time, one’s talents, anything, as long as we give.  Too many of us think we go to Church because we want to receive something from God.  (The “I never get anything out of Mass.” excuse.)  Actually our primary purpose in going to church is to give: our gratitude to God for giving us this wonderful gift of life, our practical talents voluntarily offered for the community, whether it be visiting the sick or the lonely, helping the needy, bringing hope to the despairing or any number of good works.

The woman in the story could have argued and said, “You lazy so-and-so!  It’s all very well to stand there prophesying, but why should I believe you?”  (Unlike me!) she doesn’t argue, but trusts and obeys in faith, and her trust is rewarded.  We have to give God a chance to act and not pre-determine the outcome by our lack of faith.  Is God giving you a challenge right now to keep giving despite the apparent futility?  How are you going to respond?

In the Gospel reading, we see two pictures: first the scribes, who in their long robes are addicted to receiving the honour of the crowds and make a show of their “lengthy prayers”; secondly, the poor widow who contributes everything she possesses, without ostentation and without recognition from anyone in the crowd except Jesus.

Ask yourself whether you, perhaps, might be one of these scribes.  Do you love to tell everyone how many hours you spend praying, going to Mass, saying the Divine Office or praying the Liturgy of the Hours?  Jesus warns us that we – especially his ordained ministers – are in great spiritual danger if we show off about these things.  Of the scribes, he says, “The more severe will be the sentence they receive.”   The Catechism of the Catholic Church warns us about this danger:

1550 This presence of Christ in the minister is not to be understood as if the latter were preserved from all human weaknesses, the spirit of domination, error, even sin. The power of the Holy Spirit does not guarantee all acts of ministers in the same way. While this guarantee extends to the sacraments, so that even the minister’s sin cannot impede the fruit of grace, in many other acts the minister leaves human traces that are not always signs of fidelity to the Gospel and consequently can harm the apostolic fruitfulness of the Church.

1551 This priesthood is ministerial. “That office . . . which the Lord committed to the pastors of his people, is in the strict sense of the term a service.” [28] It is entirely related to Christ and to men. It depends entirely on Christ and on his unique priesthood; it has been instituted for the good of men and the communion of the Church. The sacrament of Holy Orders communicates a “sacred power” which is none other than that of Christ. The exercise of this authority must therefore be measured against the model of Christ, who by love made himself the least and the servant of all. [29] “The Lord said clearly that concern for his flock was proof of love for him.” [30]

Nevertheless, even though Jesus has harsh words for the scribes, he doesn’t expect the faithful to stop doing the right thing in protest at what the scribes are doing.  He praises the poor widow for giving all that she has to give.  Sometimes, when parishioners see a minister of God failing to fulfil his duty, they are tempted to leave the Church or shop around to find a better minister.  Perhaps, however, Jesus wants the faithful to give more in this situation.  Perhaps his word to us is, “Don’t worry about what the unfaithful are doing.  God will deal with them.  This is an opportunity for you to double your efforts!  Give of yourself with my blessing, and I promise you will not run out!”

Today’s readings:

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30th Sunday in Ordinary Time | To see things as they really are

The Healing of the Blind Man of Jericho, Nicholas Poussin, 1650, oil on canvas, Musée du Louvre, Paris.

The Healing of the Blind Man of Jericho, Nicholas Poussin, 1650, oil on canvas, Musée du Louvre, Paris.

Today’s Gospel (Mark 10:46-52) is an icon of the spiritual life.

As Jesus left Jericho with his disciples and a large crowd, Bartimaeus (that is, the son of Timaeus), a blind beggar, was sitting at the side of the road. When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout and to say, ‘Son of David, Jesus, have pity on me.’ And many of them scolded him and told him to keep quiet, but he only shouted all the louder, ‘Son of David, have pity on me.’ Jesus stopped and said, ‘Call him here.’ So they called the blind man. ‘Courage,’ they said ‘get up; he is calling you.’ So throwing off his cloak, he jumped up and went to Jesus. Then Jesus spoke, ‘What do you want me to do for you?’ ‘Rabbuni,’ the blind man said to him ‘Master, let me see again.’ Jesus said to him, ‘Go; your faith has saved you.’ And immediately his sight returned and he followed him along the road.

Some highlights from Bishop Robert Barron’s homily:

  1. Jesus’ healings were real events in history.  Bartimaeus is named and might well have been alive when the Gospels were passed along in the oral tradition and then written down.  He would have been able to confirm the story.
  2. The story is also an icon – a symbolic itinerary – of the spiritual life.
  3. The setting is Jericho, a city symbolic of sin and standing athwart the purposes of God (remember Joshua). It stands for the culture that poisons the mind and the heart, the culture that produces spiritual blindness, the inability to see the deepest truth of things.  In our day, secularism is a kind of blindness.  Secularists do not see the transcendent dimension, the dimension of the First Cause.
  4. Blind Bartimaeus is a symbol of all of us, sunk in a blindness caused by the world and culture that we inhabit.
  5. His first great virtue is that he begs. We live in a culture of self-affirmation and self-assertion.  “I’m beautiful in every way … Your words can’t get me down …  I’m OK and you’re OK.”  Bartimaeus knows that he’s blind and knows that there’s nothing he can do to solve his own problem.  A very important moment in the spiritual life is when we realise our own helplessness in the face of our sin.  The twelve step program in dealing with addictions is really useful here: when a person realises he or she has hit bottom and says, “There is nothing I can do!  I can’t solve this problem.  I’ve got to turn my life over to a higher power.”
  6. Sin is addictive. We have to turn ourselves to a higher power to solve our problem with sin.  We echo Bartimaeus at the beginning of every Mass, when we say Kyrie Eleison, Lord have pity on me.  We commence the Mass with a keen awareness of our blindness and our inability to save ourselves.
  7. We are told, “Many rebuked him, telling him to be silent.” This is, sadly, typically the case.  Don’t think for a second that the majority of people will support you when you turn to Christ in our hyper-secularised time.  Don’t think people will applaud you when you start begging to a higher spiritual power.  That will strike a lot of people today as weird, medieval, maybe a little bit embarrassing.
  8. Bartimaeus kept calling out all the more. The second great virtue of Bartimaeus is persistence.  How often does the Bible insist on perseverance in prayer.  Augustine saw it most clearly when he said that this persistence causes the heart to expand, so that it can receive what God wants to give.  If God immediately responded to all our prayers, we wouldn’t be ready to receive what he wants to give.  Some of the expansion is caused by waiting.
  9. Jesus stopped and said, “Call him.” Many times in Mark’s Gospel, Jesus is presented as the still point in a chaotic world.  “They came at him from all sides.”  “He remained sleeping in the stern of the boat.”  Think of that when you’re lost.  Throughout the Gospel Jesus calls people.  We are the sheep who are supposed to hear the call of the Good Shepherd.  And of course, the church is the ekklesia, derived from the word kalein, which means to call.  What is the Church but the assembly of those who have been called by Christ into intimacy with him?  Bartimaeus is evocative of anybody aware of their own sin, blindness and incapacity who call out, “Help me!” and who then are hearing the summons of Jesus to come into the Church, the ekklesia.  The Church is the place where your vision will be restored.  The world has blinded you, the Church is the place where you will renew your vision.
  10. Bartimaeus throws aside his cloak, sprang up and went to Jesus. The throwing off of the cloak is a reference to baptism, for that’s precisely what someone did in the ancient Church when he approached the font for baptism.  They would see his street clothes as symbolic of the old life, so he would strip off his street clothes, be plunged down into the waters of baptism and then clothed in a white garment.
  11. Are you burdened by your old life? Good!  Throw it off.  Christ is calling you to something deeper.
  12. Jesus asks, “What do you want me to do for you?” This is one of the handful of times when Jesus directly asks someone this question. I’ve always recommended, move into that space: you’re kneeling down before the Lord, Jesus Christ, and listen to him as he asks, “What do you want me to do for you?”  That’s a really clarifying question.  What would you say?
  13. Bartimaeus’s answer is excellent: “Master, I want to see!” Read it also on the symbolic level.  He wants what we all want, namely to see things as they really are, to know the deepest truth of things, to know where he’s going.  So much of life today is like drifting along without purposeful movement.
  14. The Lord tells him, “Your faith has saved you.” In a word, your trust and confidence in God has healed you.  That’s what saved means here.  What’s making us sick is our closed attitude regarding the transcendent reality of God.
  15. Finally, having regained his sight, he immediately follows Jesus on the way. That’s confident discipleship.  He’s gone through several stages, from spiritual blindness to openness to Christ, resisting the crowd, being called and then answering the question the right way, and then recovering his sight within the life of the Church.  He now knows where he’s going.

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27th Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B | How to read the story of Adam and Eve

Catholic weddingCrucial to interpreting The Bible correctly is our understanding of genre.  Many people abandon the Bible, because they can’t reconcile Genesis with evolutionary theory.  But if we can get rid of two major hangups first, Genesis becomes more-easily interpretable to the modern ear.

  1. Genre.  The first few chapters of Genesis are a kind of theological poetry or myth-drama.  ‘Myth’ here is used in the technical sense, not the popular one.  As in any legal document, I have to define my terms here to prevent misunderstandings.

Myth: popular meaning = a fantasy story which is unrelated to truth or fact.

Myth: technical meaning = supernatural or fantasy-like stories that explain reality and natural truths.

(for more on this, read Peter Kreeft’s chapter on The Bible: Myth or History? in his Handbook of Catholic Apologetics, where he gives six definitons of myth.)

So when looking at today’s first reading, ask yourself, “What theological truths is this trying to teach me?”

  1. Reconciling Evolution and Scripture. By the grace of God, the Catholic church has never been against evolutionary theory, but has only placed limits on its scope.  From Dr Edward Feser:

On the subject of human origins, both the Magisterium and Thomist philosophers have acknowledged that an evolutionary explanation of the origin of the human body is consistent with non-negotiable theological and philosophical principles.  However, since the intellect can be shown on purely philosophical grounds to be immaterial, it is impossible in principle for the intellect to have arisen through evolution.  And since the intellect is the chief power of the human soul, it is therefore impossible in principle for the human soul to have arisen through evolution.  Indeed, given its nature the human soul has to be specially created and infused into the body by God — not only in the case of the first human being but with every human being.  Hence the Magisterium and Thomist philosophers have held that special divine action was necessary at the beginning of the human race in order for the human soul, and thus a true human being, to have come into existence even given the supposition that the matter into which the soul was infused had arisen via evolutionary processes from non-human ancestors.

I would highly recommend this two-part outline of the Church’s approach to human origins by Dr Feser.

Part 1: Knowing an Ape from Adam

Part 2: Monogenism or Polygenism?: The Question of Human Origins

Having got these points out of the way, we can now turn to today’s readings and focus on what God is trying to tell us – for which I will refer you to some great commentaries on the beauty of sexuality, love and responsibility, love and children.  Enjoy!

Bishop Robert Barron: Sexuality, Love and Marriage

Michael Barber: The Two Shall Become One Flesh

John Bergsma: God loves Marriage and Children

Edward Sri: Theology of the Body from Eden to Today

Today’s readings:

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26th Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B | Pope Francis the Crafty

Read in the light of Pope Francis’s addresses to the UN and the US Congress, our Gospel for today encourages us to see the bigger picture.  The Gospel of Mark (9:38-43) tells us, “Anyone who is not against us is for us.”  So let’s not condemn the world, but give it a chance to be ‘for us’.

Today’s readings:

Word format:Year B 26th Sunday 2015

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Pope Francis has been much in the news this week, and there’s an interesting article on him by Daniel Burke for CNN.  In it, he quotes from Rev. Angel Rossi, whom Pope Francis has referred to as his ‘spiritual son’.  He describes Pope Francis in these words:

He is humble but confident, a disciplined rule-breaker. He is quiet but freely speaks his mind. He is deeply spiritual, but crafty — a cross between a desert saint and a shrewd politician. He is a man of power and action, who spends a great deal of time in prayer and contemplation.

I like that word ‘crafty’, not in the sense of underhandedly sneaky, but in the Biblical sense of:

Behold, I am sending you out as sheep in the midst of wolves, so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves (Matthew 10:16)

Let us be in no doubt that we are in a war, but the war is not against humans.  The war is against the devil and his evil army, who delight in human dysfunction and want to drag us all down to hell.  No doubt, Pope Francis has been meditating on his primary responsibility, that is winning souls for Christ. He has to be both ‘crafty’ and ‘wise’ about it.  Some Catholic commentators have been bemoaning the fact that Pope Francis has not spoken out sufficiently clearly on the evils of our time.  But like Jesus in today’s Gospel, Pope Francis’s tactics involve  some PSYOP – Psychological Operations; he wants to ‘hearts-and-minds’ the people, in the language of military strategy used in various conflicts (the Malayan Emergency and the Vietnam and  Iraq Wars come to mind).

Pope Francis understands people’s psychology.  In current American society, the people on the right of politics think they have the monopoly on God (I’m thinking pro-life and pro-traditional marriage causes).  Pope Francis sees the need for connecting with the left as well where he can find points that fit in with Catholic social teaching (migrants, the environment, the death penalty).  He knows that if he spends his time appearing like a member of the GOP, a swathe of people on the left won’t hear his core message. Not only that, but he knows no-one will listen to him if his personal behaviour contradicts what he is preaching.  Everyone loves to poke fun at a hypocrite.  So first he tries to remove the splinter from his own eye by avoiding ostentation in his choices of housing, transport and clothing, and in his willingness to embrace the disfigured, the homeless and the weak.

Pope Francis is trying to weave a positive narrative of human dignity, the solidarity of all humans, subsidiarity and the common good.  He deliberately uses subtle and hope-filled language, so that nobody could accuse him of being hateful.  Here are some quotes from the speech to US congress, showing how carefully The Holy Father chooses his words (I have added my plainspeak in red).

A political society endures when it seeks, as a vocation, to satisfy common needs by stimulating the growth of all its members, especially those in situations of greater vulnerability or risk. Legislative activity is always based on care for the people.

Moses provides us with a good synthesis of your work: you are asked to protect, by means of the law, the image and likeness fashioned by God on every human face.  (Subtext: Don’t forget the unborn, like those babies exploited by Planned Parenthood.)

I also want to dialogue with all those young people who are working to realize their great and noble aspirations, who are not led astray by facile proposals, and who face difficult situations, often as a result of immaturity on the part of many adults.  (Subtext: children caught up in broken families, whose parents are not willing to make personal sacrifices but put their own selfish desires first )

Building a future of freedom requires love of the common good and cooperation in a spirit of subsidiarity and solidarity. (Subtext: Beware the mob who gangs up on any portion of society or who seek to remove religious freedoms.)

A delicate balance is required to combat violence perpetrated in the name of a religion, an ideology or an economic system, while also safeguarding religious freedom, intellectual freedom and individual freedoms(Hint to Obama: please safeguard the religious freedom of those who oppose your Obamacare package, like the Little Sisters of the Poor.)

The contemporary world, with its open wounds which affect so many of our brothers and sisters, demands that we confront every form of polarization which would divide it into these two camps. We know that in the attempt to be freed of the enemy without, we can be tempted to feed the enemy within. To imitate the hatred and violence of tyrants and murderers is the best way to take their place.  (Subtext: let’s be careful that the language we use is always charitable)

 The challenges facing us today call for a renewal of that spirit of cooperation, which has accomplished so much good throughout the history of the United States. The complexity, the gravity and the urgency of these challenges demand that we pool our resources and talents, and resolve to support one another, with respect for our differences and our convictions of conscience. (Subtext: do not make laws that interfere with freedom of conscience!)

In this land, the various religious denominations have greatly contributed to building and strengthening society. It is important that today, as in the past, the voice of faith continue to be heard, for it is a voice of fraternity and love, which tries to bring out the best in each person and in each society.  (Subtext: religion isn’t something that should be restricted to the private domain, as some atheists would prefer.)

Politics is, instead, an expression of our compelling need to live as one, in order to build as one the greatest common good: that of a community which sacrifices particular interests in order to share, in justice and peace, its goods, its interests, its social life.  (Subtext: we need to sacrifice our selfishness to achieve what is best for society as a whole … for example, lying about and changing the meaning of marriage will only bring grief and more dysfunction to future generations.)

Building a nation calls us to recognize that we must constantly relate to others, rejecting a mindset of hostility in order to adopt one of reciprocal subsidiarity, in a constant effort to do our best. (Play nicely, children!)

We must not be taken aback by their numbers, but rather view them as persons, seeing their faces and listening to their stories, trying to respond as best we can to their situation. To respond in a way which is always humane, just and fraternal. We need to avoid a common temptation nowadays: to discard whatever proves troublesome.  (Subtext: don’t be afraid of migrants and that they will rob you of your comfort.  Figure out a way to cater for them.)

In a word, if we want security, let us give security; if we want life, let us give life; if we want opportunities, let us provide opportunities. The yardstick we use for others will be the yardstick which time will use for us. The Golden Rule also reminds us of our responsibility to protect and defend human life at every stage of its development.  (Subtext: No abortion, no euthanasia!)

In Laudato Si’, I call for a courageous and responsible effort to “redirect our steps” (ibid., 61), and to avert the most serious effects of the environmental deterioration caused by human activity.  (Subtext: The environmentalists have a point!  We need to care for God’s creation.)

It is my wish that throughout my visit the family should be a recurrent theme. How essential the family has been to the building of this country! And how worthy it remains of our support and encouragement! Yet I cannot hide my concern for the family, which is threatened, perhaps as never before, from within and without. Fundamental relationships are being called into question, as is the very basis of marriage and the family. I can only reiterate the importance and, above all, the richness and the beauty of family life.  (And he said this without mentioning divorce, contraception or homosexual acts.  Take note, Catholics, on how to promote the beauty of the family without sounding scornful of others.)

I would like to call attention to those family members who are the most vulnerable, the young. For many of them, a future filled with countless possibilities beckons, yet so many others seem disoriented and aimless, trapped in a hopeless maze of violence, abuse and despair. Their problems are our problems. We cannot avoid them. We need to face them together, to talk about them and to seek effective solutions rather than getting bogged down in discussions. At the risk of oversimplifying, we might say that we live in a culture which pressures young people not to start a family, because they lack possibilities for the future. Yet this same culture presents others with so many options that they too are dissuaded from starting a family.  (Subtext: People who live without the joy of the Gospel become trapped in a life of meaninglessness and despair.  Let us help them to recover the truth!)

Let us pray for all Catholics to be able to transmit the joy of the Gospel!  And for a scripture study on today’s readings, read Dr John Bergsma’s commentary.


25th Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B | What were you arguing about on the road?

Christ with Children, Carl Heinrich Bloch, 1834-1890, Frederiksborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Christ with Children, Carl Heinrich Bloch, 1834-1890, Frederiksborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Our second reading today from the Letter of St James could have been written for our turbulent federal parliament this week:

Wherever you find jealousy and ambition, you find disharmony, and wicked things of every kind being done; whereas the wisdom that comes down from above is essentially something pure; it also makes for peace, and is kindly and considerate; it is full of compassion and shows itself by doing good; nor is there any trace of partiality or hypocrisy in it.  Peacemakers, when they work for peace, sow the seeds which will bear fruit in holiness.

So now we see recriminations from both Tony Abbott and Malcolm Turnbull supporters against those whom they think did not place the party’s interests first.

Without dwelling on what is happening in politics, let us have a look at our own church and see what Christ is saying to us.  Like the Liberal party previously, you could say that the Pastoral Area of Yanchep to Lancelin is failing in the popularity polls.  Our numbers have dropped from 72 members who attended more or less regularly in the early 2000s to about 12 regular attendees today – and I’m just talking about Yanchep (sorry people in Guilderton and Lancelin, but I would love dearly to hear about your experience as well).  As someone who has been attending Mass at Yanchep since 1993, I could give you a list of reasons.  What I find strange is that we, as a Pastoral Area, have not sat down and talked about the reasons among ourselves.  I think I know why.  It’s because it involves being completely open and honest about what we are doing wrong and could do better.  It involves people being willing to listen to each other and examine our own role in this trend.  It takes a person of great sanctity to examine themselves with perfect honesty and realise their own imperfections.  It takes leadership from the priest or a layperson with vision to start the ball rolling.  Such a leader needs to be a person of such exalted holiness that he can handle criticism without needing to fire back in anger.  In fact it takes such effort that sometimes it’s just easier for a parishioner to drive an extra 20 minutes to another parish rather than to keep banging away and not getting anywhere.  And finally, it takes prayer and the Holy Spirit for such an examination to happen fruitfully.  Let’s take James’s advice in the second reading seriously:

Why you don’t have what you want is because you don’t pray for it; when you do pray and don’t get it, it is because you have not prayed properly, you have prayed for something to indulge your own desires.

… and follow it up with Jesus’ recommendation to the apostles in today’s Gospel:

If anyone wants to be first, he must make himself last of all and servant of all.

Not easy, is it?  We have some wonderful people in our small Catholic community here.  I’m thinking of Giovanni who faithfully attends every week, picks up the key for the Community Centre, and with his wife, Ann, sets up the chairs for the parishioners and then organises to deliver bread from Baker’s Delight to the needy.  I’m thinking of Janie who helps Fr Augustine carry in his bags and equipment every week, sets up the altar and, what’s more, does all his gardening (and she’s over 70 years old)!  I’m thinking of people like Christina and Peter who, although they are elderly, persevere in looking after their severely disabled daughter Ruth and still manage to contribute as Lectors.  These people never draw attention to themselves but are able to make themselves ‘last of all and servant of all’.  I am sure there are many more of you whose good works I am not aware of, precisely because you don’t go about parading them.

But we want to do more!  In fact, Archbishop Costelloe is asking us to do more, and he has started a programme of consultation with parishes so that he can have everyone’s input about what we should be doing in the Archdiocese more broadly and how we can go about it.  He has asked all Catholics throughout the Archdiocese to go to the Archdiocesan website and complete the questionnaire, The Way Forward.  Or save a print copy here: Archdiocese Questionnaire The Way Forward.

There is quite a useful commentary for priests today from Fr Genito OSA at Augustinian Friends,

Jesus exhorts us to listen to him today, just as he exhorted his disciples to learn from him when he placed the child in their midst. St. Augustine spoke of the true leader as one who walks alongside his people, not lording it over them. He used the imagery of being on the journey with his people, the leader shepherding his people as one among them, a fellow Christian. One of his most famous statements was from a sermon commemorating his ordination when he said, “For you, I am a bishop; with you I am a Christian.” In a related sermon he made a similar statement: “We have been placed at the head and we are servants. We are in command, but only if we are useful.” All of us are called to exercise this same attitude whenever we find ourselves in leadership, whether that be as leader of a family, a group, a parish, a city, a nation. The ultimate leader – Jesus – modeled this for us and showed us that it would not be easy.

Today’s readings:

Word format  Year B 25th Sunday 2015

Pdf format  Year B 25th Sunday 2015

Finally, go here to listen to Bishop Robert Barron’s homily for today on The Undoing of Original Sin.

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24th Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B | Anyone who loses his life for my sake …

Something very peculiar is going on in the world.

Finally the world is waking up to the events in Syria, but it is not in response to the brutal martyrdoms of Christian children who have been beheaded with their heads paraded on poles.

It is rather the photo of Aylan Kurdi, whose drowned body washed up on a Turkish beach, who has spurred the world into action.  And where was his father at the time Aylan went overboard?  Speeding at the helm of the vessel according to Zainab Abbas, who said,“He was a smuggler.  Yes, he was the one driving the boat.”

Frankly, the media aren’t particularly interested in Christians being persecuted.  Meh, Christians are fair game, aren’t they?  Isn’t it their mission to lose their lives for the sake of the Gospel?  The highest Sunni authority in Australia, Dr Ibrahim Abu Mohamed, has said, in response to the proposal that Christians and other minority groups be given priority among Syrian refugees:

“Statements like this, in their clarity of discrimination against Muslims … assert the counter narrative that Muslims are always going to be discriminated against and vilified in the Australian community.”  Muslims are “feeling yet another form of discrimination, or marginalisation and of targeting”.

Eh?  Is he so focused on his own sense of victimhood that he can’t see the suffering of others?  Surely there are times to discriminate – in favour of those who are the chief victims of persecution?

Our readings today remind us how it is part of the essence of Christianity to be willing to be persecuted: “‘If anyone wants to be a follower of mine, let him renounce himself and take up his cross and follow me. For anyone who wants to save his life will lose it; but anyone who loses his life for my sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it.’

But that doesn’t mean we don’t go to the aid of our brothers and sisters in need!

Read the Archbishop’s statement on assistance to refugees.  Donate to the persecuted Christians in Iraq and Syria here.

Today’s readings:

Word format: Year B 24th Sunday 2015

Pdf format: Year B 24th Sunday 2015

For a Scripture Study on today’s readings, see Dr John Bergsma’s commentary.

And you might want to listen to Fr Barron’s homily – which discusses the Catholic vs Protestant interpretation of the relative importance of Faith and Works (see today’s second reading from the letter of James).  Actually this issue has largely been resolved by the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification which saw agreement in essentials between Catholics, Lutherans and Methodists.

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23rd Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B | Be opened!

Codex Vindobonensis Palatinus 485_CuraSurdoMudo-Christ heals Deaf Mute

Jesus Christ healing the man who was deaf and dumb, Cura surdo mudo, miniature, folio 86 of the Codex Palatinus Vindobonensis 485 (4th or 5th century), Austrian National Library, Vienna.

One of the reasons so many crowds followed Jesus was his power to heal people – we hear of him healing cripples, blind men, a man with a skin disease, lepers, Peter’s mother-in-law, a man with a withered hand, the possessed, epileptics, the paralysed, a woman with a haemorrhage, not to mention those he brought back to life.  In today’s Gospel, Jesus heals a deaf man with a speech impediment.  He says to him “Ephphatha” – “Be opened!”

And his ears were opened, and the ligament of his tongue was loosened and he spoke clearly.

If you want to experience the transformative power of Jesus in your life, try and ‘hear’ his Word today.  Open up a Bible and read the Gospels.  Apply what he says to your life.  Develop a personal relationship with Him.  He is more alive than you are.  Ask him to speak that word into your life: “Ephphatha!”  And if you are already a Christian, ask what sort of witness you are?  When people meet you, do you convey to them the excitement and joy of what it’s like to follow Christ?

I had a powerful experience of Christ’s action in my life this week.  As you may know, I attend a weekly Bible study with some wonderful people from the Churches of Christ in Yanchep who love God and enjoy meditating on his Word and how it applies to their lives.  We have just finished a study called 40 days in the Word and were wondering what to do next.  I told them I had an inspiring series of DVDs on Catholicism if they were interested in watching it.  And they agreed!  When Catholics go to Bible studies with Protestants and when Protestants watch Catholic movies together, you can know that God is working out something interesting in our little part of the world.  By the way, if you’re wondering why I don’t go to a Bible Study with Catholics, I can tell you that I invited the people from our Catholic Church to let me know if they were interested in more faith formation activities.  Haven’t had a response yet …

Bishop Robert Barron has a homily for today here.  Highly recommended.

Download the readings for today (Australia):

Word format: Year B 23rd Sunday 2015

Pdf format:Year B 23rd Sunday 2015


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22nd Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B | Does the Catholic Church follow only human traditions?

Are you a Pharisee?

Are you a Pharisee?

I have often heard the claim that Catholicism is too prescriptive and full of human traditions.  Some of the passages quoted to support this include one which occurs in our Gospel today:

This people honours me only with lip-service,
while their hearts are far from me.
The worship they offer me is worthless,
the doctrines they teach are only human regulations.
You put aside the commandment of God
to cling to human traditions. (Mark 7:6-7)

(Just as a side note, Jesus is quoting here from the Septuagint (LXX) version of Isaiah, the one which Catholics have used from the beginning for their Old Testament.)

They follow this up with one that occurs in today’s Second Reading from James:

Pure, unspoilt religion, in the eyes of God our Father is this: coming to the help of orphans and widows when they need it (James 1:27)

… as if that’s all a Christian has to do.  By the way, they often forget the second part of this sentence, which says

and keeping oneself uncontaminated by the world. (James 1:27)

How odd then, that the very passages quoted by some anti-Catholics are the ones which we Catholics have ourselves placed together on the same day in the Lectionary.  Is Jesus really telling the Pharisees to ignore the Mosaic law?  Of course not, because in Matthew 23, which we read earlier in the week, Jesus says, regarding the scribes and Pharisees:

You must therefore do and observe what they tell you; but do not be guided by what they do, since they do not practise what they preach.  (Matthew 23:3)

What Jesus is after is our conversion of the heart, a humble obedience to the central thrust of God’s commandments – love of God and love of neighbour.  Some people seem to be under the misguided impression that Jesus condones sin, but Jesus himself calls out sin quite clearly further on in the same chapter of Mark.

For it is from within, from men’s hearts, that evil intentions emerge: fornication, theft, murder, adultery, avarice, malice, deceit, indecency, envy, slander, pride, folly. All these things come from within and make a man unclean.’ (Mark 7:21-22)

If we take the opposites of this list of potential evils and seek to develop our character along these lines, we will be entering into the heart of God’s law:

Fornication Chastity, openness to children within marriage
Theft Honesty and generosity
Murder Supporting life, opposing abortion and euthanasia
Adultery Faithfulness
Avarice Generosity, charity and unselfishness
Malice Wishing the good of the other
Deceit Truthfulness, (including truthfulness about concepts such as marriage, by the way).
Indecency Modesty and chastity
Envy Contentment and kindness
Slander Charity
Pride Humility
Folly Wisdom

To get back to our original question, the Catholic Church, even though its individual members may display all the propensities to evil that the rest of humanity is prone to, still proclaims what is at the heart of God’s laws, often in the face of violent opposition by the dominant culture.  The many guidelines that the Catholic Church proposes are signposts to help us form our character in such a way that we will stay in alignment with Christ’s requirements for his followers.  As one example, if we say it’s a sin to stay away from Sunday Mass, we mean that you are endangering your soul if honouring God is not a more important priority in your life than whatever else you have replaced that time with on Sunday (or Saturday Vigil).

Another message for us at all levels of the church is: have a good look at the example you’re setting.  The Pharisees Jesus was talking to found it much easier to spend their time complaining about others rather than improving their own characters.  If you are a priest, are you a real shepherd to your flock?  Do you know every parishioner by name and know what their struggles are? Do you organise parish groups to learn and grow together in Christ or are you content to do no more than offer Mass?     If you are a parishioner, how much time do you spend complaining about the priest?  … or other parishioners?  Well done if you’re a builder-upper and not a breaker-downer!

To listen to Fr Barron’s homily for today, which discusses the purpose of God’s laws, go here.

Mass readings 

Word format: Year B 22nd Sunday 2015

Pdf format: Year B 22nd Sunday 2015



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21st Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B | To whom shall we go?

Jesus and DisciplesAfter hearing his doctrine many of the followers of Jesus said, ‘This is intolerable language. How could anyone accept it? (John 6:60)

Jesus gives everyone the opportunity of accepting or rejecting him.  This is the ultimate choice we are all faced with.  At the same time, faith is a gift.

He went on, ‘This is why I told you that no one could come to me unless the Father allows him.’ After this, many of his disciples left him and stopped going with him.

This looks like it is up to God the Father to decide whether anyone will accept Jesus or not, based on the quality of men’s hearts.  This is why prayer is so important.  Pray, pray, pray for your loved ones – and your enemies – to receive the gift of faith.  Spend more time praying, and less time arguing.  Spend more time telling others about Christ, and less time criticizing their morals and feeling self-righteous.  You can’t expect atheists and agnostics to have a coherent system of morality unless they are grounded in Christ first.  At the same time, you need to show how Christ is living and active in your life first – ask him to live in you and help you find the words to present Christ to everyone you come into contact with.  And if you are readings this and don’t have faith but are intrigued by the idea of it being a gift, tell God you are open to him giving you any gifts he wants.

God gives the gift of faith to the twelve that remain with him, especially to Peter, who declares:

Lord, who shall we go to? You have the message of eternal life, and we believe; we know that you are the Holy One of God.

Peter doesn’t understand what Jesus has been talking about through most of chapter 6, but he has seen his miracles and heard his wisdom and loved him as a person, and that’s enough for him and enough for God.  God can build on that openness of heart.  But he can’t build on closed-minded arrogance (… although he can break down a person’s arrogance – I have a great story about that, but that will have to be a message for another day).

Today’s readings (Australia):

Word format:Year B 21st Sunday 2015

Pdf format: Year B 21st Sunday 2015

For a more detailed commentary on today’s Gospel, listen to Fr Barron’s homily for today.  The Catholic interpretation of the Eucharist is deeply Christ-centred.  If you have ever had a Protestant brother say to you, “ah, but the flesh counts for nothing” (John 6:63), then you need to listen to this.

And for a Scripture Study on these readings, go to Michael Barber’s commentary here.